Are Gums Growing Over Your Teeth Normal?

Have you ever noticed your gums slowly creeping over your teeth, making them look shorter and smaller than they normally are? While it may seem confusing at first, the reality of having your gums grow over the teeth is slightly alarming. This condition mainly occurs as a result of gingival hyperplasia, which is also known as gum overgrowth. However, rather than worrying about the strange sight, it is crucial to take immediate action to stop the gum disease from getting worse.

Is It Normal to Have Gums Growing Over Your Teeth?

As you age, it is normal for your gums to expand or recede with time. However, excessive recession and overgrowth are not common. If anything, it indicates an underlying dental issue. Not to mention, gums ultimately act as a protective barrier for your teeth, keeping the roots and ends of the teeth safe from bacteria. Thus, if any change arises in the appearance or position of the gums, it should be monitored closely. Moreover, if you think your gums are slowly starting to double in size, do not brush it off. Visit an oral care professional for proper treatment and healing.

What is Gingival Hyperplasia?

Gingival hyperplasia is a condition that causes abnormal enlargement or overgrowth of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth. During this condition, the patient’s teeth are at risk of getting completely covered by gum flaps, making it difficult to maintain good oral care hygiene. It is also essential to keep in mind that gingival hyperplasia can affect one tooth or more, depending on the severity of the condition. Some people only get a small bump at the corner of their gums, whereas others have their entire tooth buried underneath the layer of gum tissues.

Why Do Gums Grow Over Your Teeth?

Even though there are numerous factors that can give way to gingival hyperplasia, some of the most common causes behind the condition are as follows:

1. Collagen Overproduction

Some people experience gingival hyperplasia as an extension of hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF), a condition that produces excess collagen in the body.

2. Genetic Imbalance

If someone in your family ancestry had gingival hyperplasia, it is likely that you got it because of your genes, as it is a hereditary condition.

3. Side Effects of Medication

Certain medications can trigger your gums, leading to overgrowth as a side effect.

4. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause, can influence the growth of gum tissue, making it expand rapidly.

5. Underlying Medical Condition

Underlying medical conditions like leukemia, Crohn’s disease, or even pericoronitis can lead to gum overgrowth.

Treatment Options for Gum Overgrowth

In order to treat gingival hyperplasia, you need to first find out the underlying cause that triggers it. Once the main reason is found, chances are the periodontist will treat it according to the following treatment methods:

  • Gingivectomy
  • Laser Surgery
  • Gum Contouring
  • Anti-inflammatory Medications
  • Periodontal Flap Removal Surgery

Most treatments revolve around surgery, as the overgrown gum tissue will need to be physically contoured and removed to save the tooth underneath it.

Long Story Short

While some degree of gum recession or growth over teeth is normal, excessive gingival hyperplasia requires attention and intervention. Gums growing over teeth is not a normal occurrence and needs to be treated immediately. If you’re facing similar problems, feel free to schedule an appointment with DentaLand Dentistry by giving us a call at (832) 674-8377.

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